Virtual gallery


All these instruments can be ordered from Cambodia. Rates and deadlines on request using the CONTACT page.

 

Click on each instrument to enlarge it

Rebuilding the musical instruments of the ancient Khmer

This film is an introduction to the instrumental rebuilding work initiated in 2012 by Patrick Kersalé.


Harps

To date, we have reconstructed four types of harps with different aesthetics:

  • Pre Angkorian harp (7th - 8th century)
  • The Angkor Vat's harp (first half of the 12th century)
  • Angkorian harp (late 12th - early 13th century)
  • Garuda harp (13th century)
  • Structure:  jackfruit wood
  • Tailpiece: red wood
  • Soundbox: python
  • Attachments: calfskin
  • Strings: synthetic ‘silk’
  • Strings clamps: palm fiber
  • Decor of the volute: chemical gilding
  • Structure:  jackfruit wood
  • Tailpiece: red wood
  • Soundbox & attachments: goat skin from Nepal
  • Strings: synthetic ‘silk’
  • Strings clamps: palm fiber
  • Structure:  jackfruit wood
  • Tailpiece: red wood
  • Soundbox & attachments: goat skin from Nepal
  • Decoration: red & black acrylic lacquer
  • Strings: synthetic ‘silk’
  • Strings clamps: braided red cotton
  • Balls: rosewood
  • Structure:  jackfruit wood
  • Tailpiece: red wood
  • Soundbox & attachments: goat skin from Nepal
  • Skin fixation: bamboo nails
  • Decoration: red & black acrylic lacquer
  • Strings: synthetic ‘silk’
  • Strings clamps: braided red cotton
  • Balls: rosewood
  • Stand : wild jackfruit wood
  • Structure:  wild jackfruit wood
  • Tailpiece: red wood
  • Soundbox: python
  • Skin fixation: bamboo nails
  • Decoration: red & black acrylic lacquer, golden sheet
  • Strings: synthetic ‘silk’
  • Strings clamps: palm fiber
  • Structure:  wild jackfruit wood
  • Tailpiece: red wood
  • Pegs: rosewood
  • Soundbox: calfskin
  • Skin fixation: Bone nails
  • Strings: synthetic ‘silk’
  • Decoration: red & black acrylic lacquer, golden sheet
  • Structure:  jackfruit wood
  • Tailpiece: red wood
  • Pegs: rosewood
  • Soundbox: python
  • Skin fixation: Bone nails
  • Strings: synthetic ‘silk’
  • Head decoration: chemical gilding

Zithers

We reconstructed five types of zithers over a period from the 7th to the 20th century:

  • Monocord zither with single gourd resonator
  • Double-resonator zither
  • Fretted zither
  • Monocord zither with a coconut resonator 
  • Crocodile-zither

7th - 20th centuries

  • Body, peg: rosewood & bone
  • Resonator: calabash from Cardamom mountains
  • Resonator attachment & string: rattan
  • Naga: buffalo horn & 24ct gold sheet
  • Junction piece: hammered red copper
  • String: brass

 

Late 12th - early 13th centuries

  • Body, peg: rosewood & bone
  • Resonators: calabash from Cardamom
  • Resonator attachment & string: rattan
  • Naga: buffalo horn & 24ct gold sheet
  • Junction piece: hammered red copper
  • String: brass

 

Late 12th - early 13th centuries

  • Body, pegs, frets : red wood & bone
  • Resonators: calabash from Cardamom
  • Resonator attachment & string: Nylon
  • Strings: synthetic ‘silk’

 

16th century

  • Body, peg: red wood & bone
  • Resonator: coconut shell
  • Resonator attachment & string: rattan
  • Naga: buffalo horn & 24ct gold sheet
  • Junction piece: hammered red copper
  • String: brass

 

?th - 20th centuries

  • Body:  jackfruit wood
  • Body, pegs, frets: red wood & bone
  • Decoration: plastic, brass
  • Tailpiece: brass
  • Strings: Nylon

 

The pre-Angkorian trisari lute is only known to us through epigraphy. No iconography exists in Cambodia but representations exist in Vietnam, Thailand and Indonesia at the same time, with common features.

 

 

 

  • Body: jackfruit wood
  • Pegs: rosewood & bone
  • Tailpiece: bamboo
  • Nut: bone
  • Strings: synthetic ‘silk’
  • Head decoration: red & black acrylic lacquer

 

 

  • Body: jackfruit wood
  • Pegs: rosewood & bone
  • Tailpiece: bamboo
  • Nut: bone
  • Strings: synthetic ‘silk’
  • Decoration: red & black acrylic lacquer

The flute appeared as early as the 7th century and is no longer represented after the 10th century.

 

 

  • Body: bamboo

 

 

  • Body: bamboo
  • Decoration: red & black acrylic lacquer, golden sheet

 

The first oboe iconography appears in the sixteenth century on the bas-reliefs of the north gallery of Angkor Wat and in a fresco of the same period located in the central tower of this same temple.

 

 

  • Body: koko wood
  • Reed : palm leaf
  • Reed holder: brass
  • Pirouette : coconut shell

 

Trumpets and horns are represented in Angkorian iconography of a martial nature and cited in Sanskrit epigraphy.

 

 

 

 

  • Body: bamboo (Bambusa vulgaris Wamin)

 

 

 

 

  • Body: hammered red copper and brass

 

 

 

 

  • Body: hammered red copper and brass

 

 

 

 

 

  • Body: hammered red copper and brass

 

 

  • Body : water buffalo horn
  • Decor: pavilion set with brass, gold leaf
  • Handle: palm fiber rope

 

The conchs are represented in Angkorian iconography in martial and religious contexts, Brahmanic and Buddhist and quoted in pre-Angkorian epigraphy in Old Khmer.

 

 

 

 

  • Body: gasteropod

 

 

 

 

  • Body: gasteropod
  • Decor: hammered red copper and brass

 

Drums

Drums are omnipresent in the musical life of the ancient and contemporary Khmer, for all types of use: martial, religious, palatine, popular ...

 

Shoulder carried drum (angkorian)

  • Drum: chankiri wood
  • Membrane: buffalo
  • Fastening: bamboo nails
  • Suspension ring: iron
  • Carrying: bamboo
  • Nagas tips: bronze
  • Sticks: wood

Barrel drums (pre-Angkorian & Angkorian)

 

  • Drum: red wood
  • Membrane: calfskin
  • Ligature: cow leather
  • Suspension ring: iron

 

  • Drum: chankiri wood
  • Membrane: cow leather
  • Fastening: bamboo nails
  • Suspension ring: iron

Cylindrical drums (Angkorian)

 

  • Drum: jackfruit wood
  • Membrane: calfskin
  • Ligature: cow leather

 

 

  • Drum: jackfruit wood
  • Membrane: calfskin
  • Ligature: cow calfskin

 

Hourglass drum (pre-Angkorian & Angkorian)

  • Drum: jackfruit wood
  • Membrane: Nepalese goat
  • Ligature: cow skin
  • Rings: rattan

 

Angkorian

  • Drum: jackfruit wood
  • Membrane: Nepalese goat
  • Ligature: palm fiber
  • Rings and hoop: rattan
  • Bells and Nagas: bronze
  • Bells ligature: Nepalese goat
  • Naga heads: bronze 

 Angkorian

  • Drum: jackfruit wood
  • Membrane: Nepalese goat
  • Ligature: palm fiber
  • Rings and hoop: rattan
  • Bells and Nagas: bronze
  • Naga tails : water buffalo horn

 

Angkorian

  • Drum: jackfruit wood
  • Membrane: Indonesian sheep
  • Ligature: braided cotton
  • Rings: rattan

Angkorian > contemporain

  • Drum: jackfruit wood
  • Membrane: lizard
  • Ligature: cowhide
  • Decor: lotiform patterns

Angkorian > 20th century

  • Drum: terracotta
  • Membrane: lizard
  • Ligature: cowhide
  • Decor: lotiform patt

20th century

  • Drum: kassia wood
  • Membrane: python
  • Ligature: Nylon
  • Decor: Angkorian motifs

Rattle drum (Angkorian)

  • Body: bronze
  • Handle: rosewood
  • Membranes: python
  • Whipping balls: Nylon

Percussions

Like drums, idiophonic percussions are omnipresent in the musical life of the ancient and contemporary Khmer, for all types of use: martial, religious, palatine, popular ...

 

7th century

  • Sound structure: bronze
  • Handles: red wood
  • Links: palm fiber

Angkorian

  • Sound structure: bronze
  • Links: palm fiber

 Angkorian

  • Sound structure: bronze
  • Links: palm fiber

Scrapper (Angkorian)

  • Body and stick: red wood
  • Hinge: leather
  • Bells: Chinese coins

Bell & vajra (Angkorian)

  • Structure sonore : bronze et oxyde noir

Arbre à cloches (Angkorien)

  • Sound structure: bronze & black oxide
  • Suspension: palm fiber rope
  • Knocker: red wood covered with cotton

Gong chime  (post-Angkorian)

  • Gongs: bronze
  • Frame: rattan
  • Gongs suspension: leather

 

Horse necklace (Angkorian)

  • Bells: bronze & black oxide
  • Necklace and ligatures: cow leather
  • Dividers: bamboo